Zoonotic Diseases You Can Catch From Your Pets

What is zoonotic disease to start with?

Zoonotic Diseases You Can Catch From Your Pets

A zoonotic disease is a disease that spreads among animals and humans. Zoonotic diseases can be caused by viruses, parasites, bacteria, and fungi. Some of these diseases are very common.

zoonotic-disease-pets

Sorts Of Diseases & Prevention

The lists of zoonotic diseases and ways to prevent affections are as listed below.

1. Ringworm

This is a fungal infection of the skin, nails or hair, ringworm begins to spread rapidly spreading hairless, circular lesion. People can be infected using contaminated substances such as hair brush, clothing or towels or by contacting infected animals such as cats, dogs, mice, rats, guinea pigs and animal objects. You can prevent ringworm by taking the following measures:

Keeping your skin dry and clean.

Always completely dry yourself after shower or baths.

Do not share clothes, sports equipment, towels or paper.

2. Scabies

Also called sarcoptic mange, scabies is a skin disease caused by irritates mites which burrow under the skin. Scabies causes intense scratching and itching that can result in severe eczema. Humans can be infected through contact with infected animals.

Scabies can be prevented by avoiding direct skin-to-skin contact with an infected person or with substance like bedding or clothing used by an infected person. Scabies treatment is usually suggested for members of the same family, mainly for those who have had protracted skin-to-skin contact.

3. Salmonellosis

These bacteria generally make it through the human body through by contaminated food. Bacteria can pass through animal faeces and can cause symptoms such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and fatigue.

To prevent salmonellosis, Ensure to cook poultry, ground meat and eggs thoroughly. Do not eat or drink foods containing raw eggs or raw milk. If you are served uncooked meat, poultry or eggs in a meat restaurant, please send it back to the kitchen for further cooking.

4. Lyme disease

Lyme disease is transmitted diseases. The vector is the vehicle of transmission; here it is the Ixodes tick, also known as deer tick or black-legged tick. The tick transmits the Lyme organism and a spirochete to a dog or person and it can get infected.

Acute Lyme disease causes fever and lethargy. People also tend to have rashes, and dogs tend to develop transient lameness along with other symptoms. So here are some ways you can keep your family and pets safe from these disease zoonotic disease vector parasites.

Wash all vegetables well before serving them to any family member, human or your furry-friend. If gardening, wear shoes and gardening gloves. Wash hands and other exposed body parts if you come into contact with the ground.

Keep away pets and other animals from using your baby’s sand box as a toilet. It is important to keep playground and the sand and sand games covered when not in use.

5. Leptospirosis

It is a bacterial disease that spreads through the urine of infected dogs. Some risk factors that can lead to leptospirosis in dogs include contaminated water or urine from cows, racoons, and rats.

If your dog begins vomiting, has abdominal pain, diarrhea, refuses to eat, have a fever or severe weakness and depression, it is best to take him to the vet’s office as soon as possible. The mode of it transmission to people is through contact with the urine of contaminated animals. In humans, the symptoms such as flu, are treated with antibiotics.

To help prevent leptospirosis, the dog should be vaccinated against leprosy. Don’t forget: Leptospirosis vaccine does not provide 100% protection in dogs, and there are many different strains of bacteria. Keeping rodent problems under control will be in your favour.

Updated: September 21, 2017.

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