What Are Hot Spots On Dogs?
Hot spots are also known as acute moist dermatitis. They are red, moist, hot and irritated lesions that are typically found on a dog’s head, hip or chest area. Hot spots often grow at an alarming rate within a short period of time because dogs tend to lick, chew and scratch the affected areas, further irritating the skin. Ultimately, hot spots can become quite painful.
Why Do Hot Spots Occur?
Anything that irritates the skin and causes a dog to scratch or lick himself can cause a hot spot. Hot spots can be caused by allergic reactions, insect, mite or flea bites, poor grooming, underlying ear and skin infections or constant licking and chewing prompted by stress or boredom. Dogs that are not groomed regularly have matted dirty coats that can result in hot spots. Thickcoated and longhaired dog breeds are most commonly affected.
How To Cure Hot Spots?
Shaving of the hair surrounding the lesion, which allows air and medication to reach the wound
Cleansing the hot spot with a non-irritating solution
Antibiotics and painkillers
Medication to prevent and treat parasites
E-collar or other means to prevent self-trauma as the area heals
Balanced dog diet to help maintain healthy skin and coat
How Can You Prevent Hot Spots?
Make sure your dog is groomed regularly
You may also want to keep your pet’s hair clipped short, especially during warmer months
Follow a strict flea control program as recommended by your veterinarian
Maintain a stress-free environment for your pet
To keep boredom and stress at bay, make sure your dog gets adequate exercise and opportunities for play and interaction with his human family and, if he enjoys it, with other dogs