Causes Of Hair Loss In Dogs And What To Do
Known as Alopecia, hair loss is very common in dogs and is one of the main reasons for veterinarian visits. Ranging from disease or infection to a psychiatric disorder, Alopecia can have a number of causes. Alopecia is the partial or complete lack of hairs in areas where they are normally present. Note that most canines shed hair on a regular basis. However, if you notice bald patches on your dog’s coat, it may be cause for concern. Thus, it is important to learn what causes hair loss in dogs and how to treat it.
Allergies may due to environmental triggers such as pollen, molds, dust mites and fleas or ticks. When it comes to allergies, there are other signs to look out for in dogs. If your pooch is scratching and biting their itches, and shows signs of irritated red areas on their skin, allergies could be the cause.
Food allergies are another possible reason. Typical symptoms of an adverse allergic reaction include itchiness resulting in excess scratching, biting and hair loss. In the case of flea allergies, it is recommended that dogs take flea preventatives as a way to reduce threats of a full-blown flea infestation.
Read more : Dog Food For Different Allergies
Cause: Cushing’s Disease
Dog Alopecia is also a symptom of Cushing’s disease. Known as Cushing’s disease, Hyperadrenocorticism is a condition caused by the prolonged exposure of the body’s tissue to excessive levels of the hormone cortisol. Symptoms include hair loss, darkening of the skin and the development of a pot-bellied abdomen. Cushing’s disease commonly occurs in middle-aged to senior dogs. Treatment is usually limited to medication, but also can involved surgery.
Infections due to parasites, including fleas, ticks or mites, or due to fungi such as ringworm, can be another reason. It has a kind of pattern. Along with hair loss around the ears, eyes, abdomen and chest, signs your dog may have mites or fleas or ticks include inflammation, itching and redness. Bacterial or fungal infections, such as in the case of ringworm can also be attributed to hair loss in dogs. Severe infections require antifungal shampoos or other treatments or drugs. However, small infections may clear up on their own.
What To Do
Hair loss is a symptom of a serious disease, so don’t ignore the signs of hair loss in your canine friend. Determining the exact cause of the allergy can help guide you better in the future – so it’s important to seek veterinary assistance if your dog sheds excessively. Your vet may determine the underlying cause of the Alopecia through skin scrapings and blood tests. Meanwhile, medical treatment usually consists of bathing your canine friend in prescribed, topical shampoos and administering systemic antibiotics to take care of any skin infections.
Treatment options for hair loss vary depending on the cause of the problem. To naturally treat hair loss in your dog, begin by supplementing his diet with foods rich in Vitamins A, E, C and B3. For allergic reactions, treatment with antihistamines may work while bacterial and parasite infections may require other kinds of medication. For Cushing’s Disease, steroidal treatments should be reduced. If there is a glandular tumour, it should be surgically removed. Flea and other insect control methods may help to reduce hair loss due to mange mites and fleas.