/The Dog Factory: Are There Puppy Mills In Malaysia
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The Dog Factory: Are There Puppy Mills In Malaysia

Do you know where your puppy comes from? Many of us have probably heard about puppy mills and know they are bad. However, some of us may not realize that when we buy a dog on the Internet or from pet store, that adorable dog most likely came from a puppy mill, a breeding kennel that raises dogs in cramped, crude and filthy conditions.

Known as puppy farm, a puppy mill is an inhumane, commercial backyard dog-breeding facility that focuses on increasing profit while spending as little as possible – where profit is placed above the well-being of dogs.

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Why Should We Be Alarmed About Puppy Mills

Since puppy mills focus on generating profit, those dogs are often bred with little regard for genetic quality. According to American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), female dogs are bred at every opportunity with little to no recovery time between litters. They are often killed or dumped somewhere when they no longer can reproduce. Meanwhile, puppy farms usually house dogs in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions. They spend most of their lives in cramped cages, with no room to exercise or play, and of course, without adequate veterinary care, food, water and socialization too.

Puppy mill puppies, often as young as eight weeks of age, are sold to pet stores or directly to the public over the Internet. Illness and disease are common in dogs from puppy mills. They are prone to congenital and hereditary conditions such as heart disease, kidney disease, deafness, eye problems, blood and respiratory disorders, epilespy and musculoskeletal disorders. In addition, puppy mill puppies often arrive in pet stores and in their new homes with diseases or infirmities, including distemper, Parvovirus, mange, fleas or ticks, heartworm, chronic diarrhea and Pneumonia.

Since those puppies are typically removed from their littermates and mothers at just six weeks of age, they can suffer from behavioural problems too. The first months of a puppy’s life are a critical socialization period for puppies, according to ASPCA. Spending that time with their mother and littermates helps prevent puppies from developing problems like extreme shyness, aggression, fear and anxiety. And whats’more, they may not have had any socialization with humans other than quick handling or during transport to another area for breeding or selling.

Other Signs Your Dog Is From A Puppy Mill

Note that there is no legal definition of a puppy mill – so don’t be fooled by pet store owners, backyard breeders or online sellers who show you “papers” or licences to prove that their puppies are from humane sources. Responsible breeders always put the well-being of their dogs first and strive to improve their breed. They work closely with veterinarians to ensure the health of their puppies. And they would never sell their puppies through a pet shop as they want to screen potential buyers to ensure their puppies are going to a good home. hey work closely with veterinarians to ensure the health of their puppies.

By knowing what to look for in puppy mill dogs, you can help stop the dog factory tragedy.

1.No visiting: If you are not allowed to meet the parents of the puppy or visit the kennel, you should be aware of it. Reputable breeder will allow or even encourage buyers to see the parents of the puppy and visit the kennel, so you can see and evaluate the health conditions of the parents as well as the conditions they live in.

2.Several breeds: If you find a breeder or a site offering more than three different breeds (or their mixes), it’s probably a puppy mill. Reputable breeders usually focus on one breed, or maybe two.

3.No Veterinary Record: Puppy mills don’t like to spend money as it deters from profit. You should ask the breeder whether the parents and the puppies are vaccinated or not. Get the information of the breeder’s veterinarian too, so you can get the veterinary record and see what kind of vaccinations the puppy has had.

Are There Puppy Mills In Malaysia

Are there puppy mills in Malaysia? The answer is ‘yes’ because there is a demand. Puppy mills exist because people continue to buy pets from pet stores. Without these pet stores, the financial incentive for puppy mills would disappear. No demand, no supply. As long as there is any demand, puppy mills will keep breeding and overbreeding for profit. Here’s an example of some puppy mill cases in Malaysia.

In 2014, there are almost 100 animals were rescued from an illegal animal breeding facility, according to The Star. Among the dogs rescued were breeds such as Shih Tzus, Poodles, Pomeranian, Bull Dogs, Pit Bulls and Bull Terriers. And they were cramped into cages not much bigger than themselves. Some of them are blind or have open wounds or even can’t walk. Many of them are also severely malnourished, with several not having food or clean water, according to Puspa Rani, the president of Malaysia Independent Animal Rescue (MIAR).

Read more: Elsa, A Puppy Mill Survivor, A Warrior Princess

What You Can Do

You can help put a stop to puppy mills by getting your next canine friend from an animal shelter or rescue group. Always make adoption your first option. The best way to get a furry companion is through an animal shelter or a rescue group. You can tell your family and friends about the plight of dogs bred in puppy farms and encourage them to adopt from shelters and rescue groups too! Find your nearest animal shelters or rescue groups here.

If you have your heart set on a purebred, please be sure to visit your local shelter before approaching a breeder. Some dogs in the shelters are purebreds and they are available for adoption too – so purchasing a dog is not the only way to get a purebred! If you can’t find what you want through a shelter, always be sure to meet the puppy’s parents and visit the kennel where the dogs live.

Are you concerned about a possible puppy mill in your area? Report to your local authorities or animal welfare groups if you suspect you have found a puppy mill or spot any unethical breeding practices. It’s an effective way to put a stop to puppy mills too! (Read More: What To Do If You Spot Animal Abuse In Malaysia)